Anonymous for 30 years, casting a nuclear shield for the country | Initial Story


Anonymous for 30 years, casting a nuclear shield for the country | Initial Story

  This year’s National Day military parade, under the light of Dongfeng-41 and Dongfeng-17, the debut of "Brother Pingtou" Julang-2 was slightly low-key, but its status and strength should not be underestimated. As a strategic nuclear weapon and nuclear counterattack force, Julang-2, a submarine-launched long-range ballistic missile with a strategic submarine as the launching platform, is known as the sword of a big country and the anchor of the sea.

  Behind the nuclear "huge wave" for our country, we can’t do without the figure of an old man. He is the chief designer of China’s first nuclear submarine, the main designer of China’s first nuclear power plant and the main technical director of the first nuclear power plant.

  He is Peng Shilu, a senior academician of China Academy of Engineering, a nuclear power expert and the son of revolutionary martyr Peng Pai. 

  Dianpei childhood

  For many people, childhood is the best time in life, but for Peng Shilu, it is an exception. Peng Shilu’s father, Peng Pai, was the leader of the early peasant movement of our party. When Peng Shilu was 3 years old, his mother, Cai Suping, died. A year later, his father, Peng Pai, was secretly killed in Longhua, Shanghai at the age of 33.

  △ Peng Pai, Peng Yuren and Peng Shilu took a group photo, and Peng Pai kissed "Peng Pai and his little darling"

  In order to avoid the "extermination" of the Kuomintang government, Peng Shilu began a life of drift from place to place, experienced an unimaginable prison, and even once became a beggar. It was not until 1940 that Zhou Enlai asked someone to find Peng Shilu and sent him to Yan ‘an, which ended his wandering life.

  △ In July 1933, the Kuomintang government published a large number of photos of Peng Shilu’s imprisonment in Nanshan and Guangzhou Daily, with the words "The son of communist bandit Peng Pai was captured by my ninth division".

  Become attached to the nucleus

  In Yan ‘an Middle School, Peng Shilu’s classmates all like to call him "the old monitor". Peng Shilu often said to his classmates, "Our parents have fought cruelly, and some of them have died. If we don’t study hard, how can we be worthy of our parents and the party?"

  In 1951, Peng Shilu was chosen to study in the Soviet Union. While Peng Shilu was studying hard, a great event happened in the United States: in 1952, the first nuclear-powered submarine was successfully launched on the east coast of the United States.

  In 1956, Chen Geng, Vice Minister of National Defense, visited the Soviet Union and secretly called Peng Shilu. Chen Geng asked him: "The Central Committee has decided to choose a group of international students to study atomic energy and nuclear power. Are you willing to change careers?" "As long as the motherland needs it, of course I am willing." Since then, Peng Shilu has forged an indissoluble bond with the nuclear cause.

  △ Peng Shilu is in the Soviet Union

  Serve the country

  At the end of 1950s, Peng Shilu returned to China and was assigned to work in the Atomic Energy Institute, focusing on nuclear power. In 1959, the Soviet Union refused to provide assistance for the development of nuclear submarines on the grounds that the technology was complicated and China did not have the conditions. To this end, Mao Zedong proposed that "nuclear submarines should be built in 10,000 years!" Self-reliance and hard work have become the reality that Peng Shilu and his colleagues must face.

  At that time, the country was in economic difficulties and there was a shortage of talents, but Peng Shilu and his colleagues had high morale. "In difficult times, we all ate Wowotou to engage in nuclear submarines, and sometimes even Wowotou didn’t have enough to eat. Food is not enough, dig wild vegetables and Chinese cabbage roots to eat … … At that time, there was no computer, so I pulled the slide rule and struck the abacus. So much data is calculated day and night. " Peng Shilu recalled.

  "At the command, pack your backpack and go", Peng Shilu bid farewell to his wife and children and went to Sichuan alone to preside over the construction of the first 1: 1 onshore simulated reactor test base for nuclear power plants in China.

  △ Peng Shilu and General Nie Li (the daughter of Marshal Nie Rongzhen) are investigating in the workshop.

  In June, 1965, the blueprint for the onshore simulated reactor of nuclear power plant and submarine assembly was designed, and Peng Shilu, together with his family and his comrades, secretly came to a remote ravine in Sichuan, which was full of thorns and wild flowers. Here, the living area is dozens of miles away from the working area, and there is no fuel and vegetables. Children have no way to go to school and start nursery school, so they can only be locked at home to keep company with picture books … …

  △ First-generation nuclear submarine land model reactor building

  Overcoming all kinds of difficulties unimaginable to ordinary people, on July 1, 1971, China’s nuclear submarine succeeded in nuclear power generation for the first time; On August 1st, 1974, the magnificent military music echoed in the blue North Sea. China’s first nuclear submarine was named "Long March 1", which was formally incorporated into the battle sequence of the People’s Navy. Mao Zedong’s wish of "catching turtles in five oceans" was finally realized!

  △ Group photo of four chief engineers of the first generation nuclear submarine project (from left to Zhao Renkai, Peng Shilu, Huang Weilu and Huang Xuhua)

  It took only six years for China to become the fifth country with nuclear submarines after the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain and France. Behind the "miracle", it is inseparable from the hard work and sweat of scientific research workers headed by Peng Shilu.

  Pioneer of nuclear power

  It is the lifelong wish of nuclear power experts including Peng Shilu to serve the society and realize the ideal of peaceful use of nuclear energy. After the successful development of nuclear submarines, Peng Shilu turned from military industry to civilian field, and devoted himself to the research and creation of nuclear power plants, making outstanding contributions to Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant and Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant Phase II project.

  In April 1991, according to General Zhang Aiping’s proposal, China State Shipbuilding Corporation organized forces to write about the birth of China’s missile nuclear submarine. Only then did Peng Shilu’s deeds become known to people. Many people at home and abroad praised him as "the father of China’s nuclear submarines" and "the founder of China’s nuclear power plant", which Peng Shilu firmly opposed.

  "I just cooperated with my colleagues and did what I should do for China’s nuclear cause." This is a phrase that Peng Shilu often talks about.


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