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Qiu Ting | The Application and Challenge of Artificial Intelligence in China Ink Painting

  Content summary:The rapid development of AI technology in the field of artistic creation has expanded rapidly, and the combination of China ink painting and AI has also produced many phenomena and problems. This paper will discuss the application prospect of AI in China ink painting from multiple dimensions, including how the symbiotic creative technology of AI and ink painting will affect the artist’s creative process, whether it will shake the boundary and core value of ink painting, and examine the challenge this combination brings to the traditional spirit and modernity of ink painting, as well as the gap between AI’s innovation and artistic life expression.

  Key words:Artificial Intelligence Emergence and Challenge of Symbiosis and Innovation of China Ink Painting

  In today’s wave of iterative technological change, artificial intelligence (AI) permeates all aspects of our lives. The art industry is also facing reconstruction and change, especially the visual, auditory art and design industries, which are becoming increasingly digital. New opportunities and crises coexist. The blending of art and AI will lead to an unprecedented subversive artistic change, and the future of China’s painting and calligraphy art is infinite.

  As we all know, the art of Chinese painting is supported by a profound traditional knowledge system, which is continuously passed down and developed through the way of assimilation and acculturation. This has created its unique cultural psychology, thinking and behavior characteristics, and formed an interlocking brushwork and programming language. To borrow Yu Yingshi’s words, we should pay attention to the cultivation of knowledge and taste. "We should take the specialty as the origin, embrace thousands of families with relevant knowledge, and emphasize the knowledge and agreement, communication and specialization" (preface to Yu Yingshi’s Selected Poems and Paintings of Zhang Chonghe, life, reading and new knowledge Sanlian Bookstore, 2015 edition, p. 5), and professional learning should be based on a broad academic platform, so as to "unify all the disciplines and have them." With the rapid development of social science and technology, China’s ink painting spirit, which is bound by consumerism and utilitarianism, is the upward way to settle the free mind and has irreplaceable current significance.

Qiu Ting X Limited Studio Taohuan (still frame) Digital Generation Image 2022

  However, emphasizing the present significance of ink painting cannot avoid the challenges faced by contemporary ink painting creation. On the one hand, the traditional painting method can not be compared with the generation efficiency of digital technology. Traditional painting needs a lot of time in the stage of material preparation and idea landing, while digital technology can create quickly, modify at any time, and save multiple versions for comparison and selection. On the other hand, in the face of increasingly diversified and rapid aesthetic needs, the innovation and integration of ink painting can be isomorphic in the cooperation and symbiosis with AI, and explore the appropriate development path. AI can rely on the huge database analysis, the existing vocabulary and creative experience of ink painters, the empathy isomorphism of artists’ inner feelings, and even the legal essence of the value system of ink painting to promote artists’ understanding of more dimensions of the vicissitudes of nature, deduce the absolute theme, effectively evaluate the creative scheme, technique, material application and display mode, and help artists deepen the language dimension of their creation and understand and explore social humanities and styles more deeply and diversely.

  AI’s powerful computing power and huge information programming can quickly generate traditional painting skills, and can generate and understand huge data to create visual styles far beyond the usual ones. Among them, the imaginative "emergence" phenomenon shows the infinite possibilities of artistic creation in the AI era, which can be said to be the coexistence of longing and fear. At present, the use of AI tools is still in the initial stage. Most of the art industry only regards AI as a convenient and efficient technical tool, which is a synthesis under the constraints of the artist’s existing preset framework, such as asking questions to ChatGPT or sharing preliminary ideas. As an advanced language model, ChatGPT can understand the needs of artists and provide relevant suggestions, such as suggestions on artistic style, theme or technical scheme. This process can help artists to inspire and broaden new creative inspiration, and artists can use the tools of Midjourney to generate sketches. Midjourney has a series of operation processes that can help artists turn their ideas into visual sketches. Later, artists can share their sketches with ChatGPT for feedback. ChatGPT can provide suggestions on theme, composition, color and texture to help artists optimize their creative schemes. After several rounds of feedback and optimization, artists can use Midjourney to complete the second creation of pictures.This process requires artists to have clear creative ideas and clear self-awareness.

Who does Qiu Ting sit with? Silk ink 88×56 cm 2021

  On the one hand, meet the challenge, on the other hand, embrace the possibility. AI can quickly learn and imitate human painting skills and works of art. This provides a new possibility for the future of ink painting. On the other hand, by analyzing the learning and creation process of AI, we can understand and study the creation rules and aesthetic rules of ink painting from various angles. In addition, AI’s powerful database and computing power, as well as its amazing internalization ability, have amazing algorithms surging, which enables AI to present visual effects unmatched by human beings in a short time, which makes it possible for AI to promote ink painting and even cross-media development. We should actively face the benefits brought by AI, make full use of the advantages of AI’s reproduction based on excellent human visual image experience, and the visual logic and formal patterns of AI calculus, actively explore and try new expression methods, and maintain the vitality of symbiosis and isomorphism between man and AI. AI provides a new vision for the innovation of ink painting. In this era of great change, we should embrace the symbiosis and isomorphism between AI and human beings, so that the art of ink painting can maintain its open vitality and embrace more chaos and unknowns.

  In the history of human art, new technology can always promote the development and change of art. From architecture, design, photography to movies, from electronic music to digital art, technological progress has provided new possibilities for artistic creation. As a new technology, the application of AI in artistic creation also provides infinite imagination for ink painting.

Qiushi Digital Printing Sculpture 2023 "Heel Things Increase China — — Qiu Ting Art Exhibition "exhibition site

  The application of AI also puts forward the thinking of ontological value and boundary for the spirit of ink painting. The unique aesthetics and expression of ink painting are deeply rooted in the cultural soil of China, especially in the introspection and spiritual transcendence of Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism, which is the most valuable scenery in China’s cultural and artistic genes. The iterative development of science and technology does not necessarily touch the core part of the value system of ink painting art, such as traditional core concepts, history, skills, and the study of calligraphy and painting evaluation from semantics to concept generation. No matter what mode of Chinese painting exploration, we can’t avoid these core values, as well as the research and exploration on the origin of traditional culture.

  However, AI-generated paintings often have an unreal sense of science and technology. At present, many works with some kind of electronic-generated plastic sense are typical. China’s ink painting is characterized by "loose", "waxy" and "hairy", the presentation of aesthetic images such as antiquity, obscurity, elegance, Xiao San and coldness, and the lack of AI creation, which is related to the current lack of AI’s understanding of nature and subtle emotional understanding of literary mind. Artists will integrate their understanding of nature and their perception of culture into their works in the process of creation. For example, Guo Xi emphasized the relationship between the painter and nature in Lin Quan Gao Zhi, and how the painter expressed his mind through nature. He said: "The landscape is the grand view of heaven and earth, and the things are born from it. It is also the goodness of people’s hearts, so it can be tempting to swim alone, get carried away and be leisurely. " This makes the artist’s works have the depth and vitality of philosophical thinking. However, the works created by AI still seem to lack this depth and vitality. Ink painting is based on the nature of mind, and its pen and ink pay attention to viewing things by oneself, viewing things by things, and changing with emotion. The use of symbols and programs is based on the subject’s emotion to grasp and recreate objects, and the learning and creation process of AI is based on data and algorithms. For the moment, no matter how novel and unique its creation style is, what may be missing is the most precious spiritual temperament of ink painting.

  Therefore, the discussion of AI creation can’t avoid the irreplaceability of the integration of knowledge and practice as an artist’s physical spirit, the emotional expression of the artist’s subtle muscle memory, how to present and measure the fickle nature in the world through hands and brushes, express the complex cultural sense in history, society and religion, and the scale and emotional entanglement of the artist’s integration into the body. AI painting is based on pure operation. Although the phenomenon of "emergence" brings imagination and creativity beyond expectations, it is fascinating and scary, but its creative source is data. However, human creation is based on cognition, which is a comprehensive perception of emotion and body. In particular, it needs to use human body to create in a large amount. It is the artist’s perception and application of body, the expression of consciousness through body, and the contest between body and media. These are probably not available in current AI creation. Perhaps in the future, through the docking of human brain and machine, the generation and creation of large models based on neural networks or billions of parameters can be realized without hindrance, and inspiration can be drawn from AI algorithm and brain neural networks respectively, which is what future artistic creation can look forward to.

In 2023, the White Cube London’s Beaumont West Space "anselm kiefer — — Finnegan’s wake night "exhibition site

  At the end of June this year, I saw Kiefer’s solo exhibition based on Joyce’s finnegan’s wake, drawing nutrients from poetry, philosophy, religion and science to generate art, while rebelling and subverting, asking about the life cycle of death and rebirth. This shocking visual field is stubborn and bitter, which completes the reproduction of Joyce’s poetic spirit. Only artists with compassion and historical perception can resist the depths of the soul. This kind of human expression and narrative power, which makes the viewer exhausted, will also make us reflect on the limitations of AI’s involvement in the artistic spirit. As Norman Bresson of the University of London once pointed out: The cognition constructed through the symbolic system (signifier and signified) will ignore or ignore "feelings, emotions, intuition and feelings". The human brain has strong plasticity, in which the hidden potential and the thoughts formed by the nerve subject unconsciously make the nerve subject unique in visual experience. Great artistic creation needs the awakening of artistic intelligence and the ultimate questioning of life spirit. If AI is a tool for artists’ research and creation, artists will actively intervene in the application of AI, which will lead to symbiosis with it and enhance their self-creativity. However, the great potential of AI can’t help but make people imagine: when AI cooperates with artists humbly and responsibly, will it also use artists as creative tools? We may also wish to look at it from the perspective of AI as the main body: Is thinking under the inertial framework of an artist a bit like "Be honored where there is no Buddha "? Are humans sometimes too self-righteous?

  Professor, Qiu Ting Central Academy of Fine Arts

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The M5 version of Zhijia is officially launched. The new HUAWEI ADS 2.0 is a heavy first scan code to read the mobile version.

  On April 17th, AITO’s M5 Series Huawei Advanced Intelligent Driving Edition (AITO’s M5 Intelligent Driving Edition) was officially launched. Yu Chengdong, managing director of Huawei, CEO of BG and CEO of BU, a smart car solution, said: "The M5 series smart driving version is in ‘ HarmonyOS cockpit ceiling ’ On the basis of, add ‘ Intelligent driving ceiling ’ , let the M5 version become ‘ Shuangzhi ceiling ’ , HUAWEI ADS 2.0 for the first time? The intelligent driving system makes people drive safer and more comfortable, and raises intelligence to a new height in the industry! "

  The M9, the first full-size flagship SUV of AITO brand, also made its debut at the press conference. The extended range version and pure electric version will be scheduled on April 17th and will be officially released in the fourth quarter of 2023.

  AITO Wenjie M5 Intelligent Driving Edition, jointly designed by Cyrus Auto and Huawei, will be the first one equipped with HUAWEI ADS 2.0 at the same time. The intelligent driving system and HarmonyOS Intelligent Cockpit 3.0 provide an intelligent driving experience infinitely close to L3. Wujie M5 Intelligent Driving Edition is equipped with technologies such as HUAWEI DriveONE pure electric drive platform and HUAWEI DATS dynamic adaptive torque system, and has a pure battery life of 255km and a long comprehensive battery life of 1425km (the pure battery life is the CLTC comprehensive working range of the battery pack of Wenjie M5 Rear Drive Intelligent Driving Edition, and the comprehensive cruising range is the total cruising range of the CLTC comprehensive working range of Wenjie M5 Rear Drive Intelligent Driving Edition. )。 New hardware such as laser radar, HUAWEI MagLinkTM magic car interface, etc., combined with breakthroughs in technology such as General Obstacle Detection (GOD) network and spatial audio, have made the M5 Smart Driving Edition in the world a real intelligent ceiling.

  It is the first time to install HUAWEI ADS 2.0, and it can be opened with or without pictures.

  AITO Wenjie M5 Intelligent Driving Edition is the first model equipped with HUAWEI ADS 2.0 advanced intelligent driving system, equipped with an overhead laser radar, three millimeter-wave radars, eleven high-definition cameras and twelve ultrasonic radars. The signal is doubled by superimposing new antenna technology, and it is the first to realize high-speed and urban advanced intelligent driving functions independent of high-precision maps, bringing an infinitely high-order intelligent driving experience close to L3. It is estimated that this year, in Q2, the map-free commercial high-order intelligent driving scheme (the map-free commercial high-order intelligent driving scheme refers to the high-order intelligent driving scheme that does not rely on high-precision maps) will be extended to 15 cities nationwide, and in Q4, it will be extended to 45 cities.

  On the basis of integrating BEV(Bird Eye View) perception ability, AITO-bound M5 Intelligent Driving Edition is the industry’s first GOD network, which can identify alien objects outside the white list of general obstacles. Combined with the road topology inference network, vehicles can drive with or without maps, so that vehicles can see, understand and drive better.

  Driving with people is safer, driving with wisdom is more comfortable and parking is more worry-free.

  AITO asks the M5 Smart Driving Edition to make driving safer. Cars can reach beyond their reach, and they are not afraid of the change of light and shade in and out of the tunnel and the glare at night, and accurately identify pedestrians, vehicles and other special-shaped obstacles. Under the urban road conditions, the M5 Intelligent Driving Edition can actively avoid all kinds of vehicles occupying the road, and effectively deal with scenes such as "opening the door to kill" and "ghost probe". Even in the scenes such as pedestrians with strong glare at night, the maximum braking speed can reach 50 km/h.

  AITO asks the M5 Smart Driving Edition to make smart driving easier. In the high-speed scene, crossing the city is no longer tiring. The M5 version of Zhijie can be imported and exported to the high-speed ramp independently, with a success rate of 98.86%, and the MPI(Miles Per Intervention) of long-distance navigation is as high as 114km, which is comparable to the reliability of "old driver".

  AITO asks M5 Smart Driving Edition to make parking more worry-free. Memory parking, which is carried for the first time, enables the vehicle to learn independently in the garage environment and build 3D models. After the fixed parking space is parked once, it will automatically plan the route for parking. Thanks to Huawei’s self-developed parking regulation and control algorithm, Wenjie M5 Intelligent Driving Edition can handle more than 160 parking scenes including dead-end road parking/parking, automatic vehicle parking, low-speed automatic parking, parking service assistance, etc. The parking recognition rate is as high as 96%, and the parking success rate is 95%. Intelligent parking assistance, real parking space can be parked when it is visible.

  HarmonyOS cockpit was upgraded to realize "mobile whole house intelligence"

  AITO’s M5 Smart Driving Edition is equipped with HarmonyOS 3 smart cockpit, and the "smart cockpit ceiling" is upgraded to raise the intelligence of the car to a new height. The intelligent perception in the car of the M5 Smart Driving Edition goes further, which makes the car adapt to people and realizes all-round automatic adjustment of seat position, HUD height and rearview mirror position.

  A number of brand-new software and hardware technologies have been put on the bus, which has also enabled the M5 Intelligent Driving Edition to realize "mobile whole house intelligence": the first time the space audio technology is put on the bus, combined with 19 units of professional-grade audio, it makes users feel like visiting the performance site of the National Grand Theatre; In-vehicle interface of HUAWEI MagLinkTM in the back row can realize multi-device linkage, such as controlling the content watched by children on the back panel, team games in front and back rows, and dual-screen access to meetings, etc., so that the M5 Smart Driving Edition can easily become a user’s exclusive study, game hall or conference room. HarmonyOS 3 also further integrates the car and the mobile phone: the interconnection function of PC car and machine makes the temporary office in the car more efficient; The mobile phone uses the function of internal address navigation and circulation, and the car can be navigated at the touch of the mobile phone.

  Long battery life and extraordinary driving experience

  AITO Wujie M5 Smart Driving Edition has a hidden door handle, a racing-class side wall diversion air inlet and a sharp-tailed swift spoiler tail, which brings more excellent aerodynamic design, reduces the wind resistance of the whole vehicle by 11%, and improves the comprehensive endurance by 14.7% to 1425km (endurance under CLTC working conditions).

  Empowered by the HUAWEI DriveONE pure electric drive platform, the Wujie M5 Smart Drive Edition has a 4.4-second 100-kilometer acceleration performance comparable to that of a super sports car. With the blessing of Huawei DATS system, all-aluminum chassis, front double wishbone and rear multi-link, it brings users the ultimate handling performance experience. Add 20-inch double five sports wheels, equipped with red brake calipers, iconic penetrating eagle wing taillights and LOGO taillights, which are highly recognizable.

  In addition, the legroom in the back row of the M5 intelligent driving version is optimized to 870mm, so that passengers can sit for a long time. The trunk has a volume of 369L, which can be expanded to 776L after the rear row is put down. With the reverse charging of 3500W, it still supports the battery life of more than 800km after camping in the wild for a week, which easily meets the travel needs.

  The official guide price of AITO Wujie M5 Intelligent Driving Edition is: 279,800 yuan for Wujie M5 Rear Drive Intelligent Driving Edition, 299,800 yuan for Wenjie M5 Four-wheel Drive Intelligent Driving Edition, 289,800 yuan for Wenjie M5 Pure Electric Intelligent Driving Rear Drive Edition and 309,800 yuan for Wenjie M5 Pure Electric Intelligent Driving Four-wheel Drive Edition. The standard functions of HUAWEI ADS 2.0 advanced intelligent driving system software package have covered 19 functions such as high-speed LCC(Lane Centering Control Lane Cruise Assist), urban LCC, and high-speed NCA (Navigation-based Cruise Assist). The optional premium package also includes three functions: urban NCA, AVP(Automated Valet Parking in parking service) and urban LCC enhancement. The one-time purchase price is 36,000 yuan, the annual subscription price is 7,200 yuan, and the monthly subscription price is 720 yuan. During the pre-sale period (April 17 to June 30, 2023), you can enjoy the first sale rights such as deposit expansion, optional fund gift and 6-month HUAWEI ADS 2.0 premium package gift; This product can also enjoy an additional replacement subsidy of 10 thousand yuan for multi-vehicle replacement.

  At this conference, the flagship SUV of Panoramic Wisdom & mdash; — AITO Wenjie M9 brings a brand-new family design based on the design concept of "extreme simplicity and purity" in Wenjie series. As a full-scale flagship SUV, Wenjie M9 has a comfortable seating space comparable to MPV, and provides 3-6 changeable seating spaces, a newly-built D-class luxury SUV platform, an all-aluminum chassis, and air springs and CDC shock absorption systems as standard in all departments, bringing better riding comfort and safety. As the flagship product of Huawei’s deep empowerment, Huawei’s smart car full-stack technology solution is fully on board. On the basis of the double "ceilings" of smart cockpit and intelligent driving, it includes Huawei’s megapixel smart headlights, HUAWEI AR-HUD, AI big model, sensing federation and other black technologies, all of which are on board, bringing the ultimate intelligent experience of the whole scene.

  The estimated price range of AITO’s M9 extended range version and pure electric version is 500,000-600,000 yuan. Consumers can book through Huawei Mall and enjoy the corresponding rights of booking, which will be officially released in the fourth quarter of 2023.

  

  

  

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How can luxury clothing brands open up new possibilities of IP marketing? Explore a new solution in the IP film meeting of Little Red Book "Joint Good Play" and "Luxury Clothing Special Session"

Under the multiple influences of diverse user contacts and subdivision of life scenes, beauty care, luxury goods and fashion trends are facing multiple challenges and opportunities in 2024. How to capture the rapidly changing consumer trends, find the right segmentation scenarios, and anchor the right communication path to connect with consumers has increasingly become an urgent issue for brands.

Relying on the vigorous content ecology, massive real users and diverse consumption scenarios, Xiaohongshu marketing IP has been continuously advanced in meeting the needs of users’ self-expression and brand marketing, providing new ideas for the development of luxury clothing industry and becoming an important bridge for two-way communication between brands and consumers.

On March 28th, Xiaohongshu’s first "Joint Play" IP viewing conference — — Beauty Care, Luxury Goods and Fashion Apparel Sports Outdoor Industry Special Session was held in Shanghai. This movie will invite more than 100 brands and nearly 10 star friends from the American luxury clothing industry to gather at the scene. Through the perspective of the current industry and consumer insight, we will deeply analyze the track trend from a multi-dimensional perspective, show the new trends of Little Red Book marketing IP IP 2024, and bring new inspiration for the industry to look forward to opportunities, marketing layout and innovative gameplay.

Play a new trick of "IP broadcasting" and create an immersive romantic date.

Counting the beautiful time, seeing China, looking for the fireworks on the road, and the stranger’s day at the gate of nature, many marketing IP films gathered at this film show, with heavy premiere, limited time screening, showing in the heat and roadshow guests.

Xiaohongshu "staged" the concept core, innovative gameplay, methodology and marketing value of each marketing IP in a novel, creative and interactive way. The event exhibition ingeniously integrated the top ten IP features, and set up the road of "joint drama" outside the venue. On-site guests could immerse themselves in each marketing IP along the punch-in map, or find the inner peace of "outsiders", or they could see the shining China brand, or feel the real life at a double speed … along the "joint" route, they unveiled the "drama" together.

In addition to the novel eye-catching IP movies, many star friends have joined in, bringing wonderful performances such as talk show, dance and rap, conveying the IP value in the eyes of TAs through stage fancy, and enriching the live "watching" experience. Talk show actor Xiao Bei revolves around the scene of buying ski novice equipment in his life. Golden sentences frequently bombard the audience with joy, and every sentence is a burden, cleverly conveying "new treasures" to the public’s treasure points in a relaxed atmosphere.

When the national style meets hip-hop, when the attitude of slow people meets rap, what kind of sparks will collide? In 2019, "China New rap" won the fourth place, and the musket FireGun brought a unique national style to rap performance "Dali City", with a strong Chinese style and rap lyrics with artistic conception, which reached the ears and landed between Cangshan and Erhai in Dali, conveying the slow emotional value behind the IP "Slow Man Festival".

The IP curtain of "Xiao Mei Shuo" was opened. With the countless dancers Su Lianya in "This is Street Dance 3", a dance performance with both poetic and aesthetic feeling was brought. From the immersive lighting atmosphere, to the voice-over of poetry full of artistic conception, to the emotional dance, the guests were led to wander through different scenes such as cities and forests, which was full of appeal and conveyed the beautiful life concept of IP "Xiao Mei Shuo" as a dancer.

In addition, there are more surprises on the scene. Kiki Xu, an old friend, and Ayanga, a new friend, chatted with Minako, the head of Xiaohongshu Commercial Marketing Center, about their feelings as users of Xiaohongshu, and shared their experiences in marketing IP in the station. Kiki Xu said that because he likes to travel, the most impressive marketing IP of Little Red Book is "going out to play with stars". Share the journey with your good friends. This kind of sharing is sincere, and you will be doubly happy because of sharing.

Ayanga shared his own "film review" after the screening: everyone shared their efforts to love life in the little red book, and at the same time shared their professional knowledge with more people. As a new friend, I hope to share more about musicals with you and make musicals a wonderful part of life.

At the scene, Minako, the head of the commercial marketing center of Xiaohongshu, explained the concept of "good play": "There will be a" good play "if there is a good stage in life. Our destinations are not necessarily the same, but the passage we have walked hand in hand must be wonderful." For the new launch of marketing IP in 2024, Xiaohongshu is looking forward to working with the brand to promote business with creativity, stage more "good plays" and open a new chapter in marketing together.

Liang zi, the head of the consumer decision-making department of Xiaohongshu, explored the core of beauty, shared the beauty trend of Xiaohongshu in 2024, interpreted what new changes have taken place in the beauty trend under the mentality that users are more real and self-centered about "face" and more detailed about internal refinement, and elaborated on IP related to the beauty industry, such as "Beauty of 100 Cities", providing new inspiration and inspiration for the development of the brand in 2024.

Meng Han, head of fashion in Xiaohongshu community, gave a keynote speech on "Xiaohongshu Fashion Trend Release", sharing the new ecological trend of Xiaohongshu’s consumption decision-making from the perspectives of platform mentality, user value and user demand insight, and interpreting the 2024 fashion trend from the perspectives of "women’s power UP", "oriental aesthetics", "style reconstruction" and "color inspiration" to convey the vision of creating the next fashion trend between the platform and the brand.

Occupy the scene: link each subdivision scene and open a new imagination of experiential marketing.

In the past year, Xiaohongshu, together with more than 300 brands, thousands of stars KOL and head bloggers, has created IP feasts linked online and offline again and again. The film festival not only brought together many popular IPS such as "Little Beauty Talk", "Road Life Festival & Walking Life", "Outsider’s Day" and "Seeing China" and the new upgrade actions in 2024, but also presented a series of sports outdoor series, beauty personal care series, fashion clothing series, holiday marketing of "Every day is a good day" and multi-IP under "Planting a Grass Day Group", and also released a "new treasure product".

In the era of more emphasis on personalization, capturing the real life state of individuals and linking corresponding scenes is the key to planting the seeds of product mind and making products really close to and enter the real life of users. The classic IP "Xiaomei Shuo" connects users at one end and brands at the other. By aiming at the "Xiaomei topic" suitable for the brand and combining products, it realizes more resonant and interactive topic reengineering, helping the brand to naturally integrate marketing demands into Xiaomei content trends and communicate with the crowd in the right topic space. This year, "Xiaomei Shuo" will pay more attention to the pain points of both brands and users, open a new model of Always-on and Xiaomei Calendar, help brands participate in the content construction of "Xiaomei Shuo", and gain high-potential people more efficiently and quickly.

For the luxury clothing industry, which is closely related to the life scenes of young people, the "Road Life Festival & Walking Life" combines grass planting with offline experience, inputs new scenes for the brand, and starts a "24-hour adventure on the road" together with the brand, opening up new possibilities for people to break the circle. In this marketing journey, the brand can go out of the shelf and "run offline" with users, allowing users to "walk around, play and be planted with grass" and broaden the growth line of people and business increment.

In addition, the film festival also deeply deconstructed the little red book event IP— — Slow people’s day. Relying on the trend of cultural tourism and close to the spiritual needs of users, the "Slow People’s Festival" goes deep into the slow life scene of contemporary youth, and for the first time opens the tripartite linkage form of "commercialization+community+government cultural tourism", so that the brand can empower the slow emotional value, meet the slow life needs with product strength, and resonate with the slow people tribe at the same frequency.

Creating hot air: capturing and defining new fashion, and taking the brand from borrowing momentum to creating momentum.

Grasping the attention of young people is the proposition of brands nowadays, and the trend change is undoubtedly a keen insight of beauty care, luxury goods and fashion apparel industries. Under the evolution of the trend, the brand is welcoming new opportunities for development in grasping the needs of users, having the heat to take advantage of the situation, and having scenes to occupy several dimensions.

Relying on the crowd and ecological advantages, Xiaohongshu’s "Outsider’s Day" has developed many new lifestyles based on outdoor sports and experiences, expanding the communication dimension and space for the brand and helping the brand to grasp the business opportunities under the outdoor trend. "Outsider’s Day" fully opened the imagination of outdoor marketing and successfully turned it into a national carnival. By building a closed loop of [offline experience+new consumer demand scenario+online grass planting] for the brand, "Outsider’s Day" helps the brand stand in the outdoor trend, expand new usage scenarios, and achieve efficiency growth; It has also completed the full coverage from hardcore players to "outsiders" who are interested in outdoor activities, scrolling more users to share with related topics by participating in IP activities, and being planted by brands and products in a subtle way, reaching out to the crowd.

As a sports boom year, many brands have been gearing up. Inspired by the popular trend of sports, Xiaohongshu launched the "Everyone Sports Week" IP. On the one hand, it used the "people" east wind to integrate brands and resources such as stars, athletes, bloggers, etc., to amplify the brand volume and realize the deep planting of products; On the one hand, we will also launch a romantic and imaginative sports feast and life feast with the brand around the Olympics from an all-round perspective.

Strong grass planting: planting grass for the right people in the right community soil.

The benign interaction between the content in the little red book and business gave birth to a unique grass planting economy. Under the ecology of "Everything can plant grass" in Xiaohongshu, diversified ways of planting grass bring more possibilities for the development of luxury clothing brands, which can not only promote the brand’s global transformation, but also help the brand to break the circle.

In order to enhance the certainty of the explosion of new products, Xiaohongshu’s "Treasure New Products" focuses on the growth of new products, providing new playing tools and special resources for the brand. From the multiple dimensions of new ideas+new images+new ideas, "Treasure New Products" can help brands quickly establish the mental cognitive advantages of new products, and "Treasure New Products" will also usher in a heavy upgrade, endorsing products with the scoring mechanism of "professional treasure collectors+public treasure collectors", opening up the whole link of new products, helping the cold start, and achieving the certainty of new products.

Focusing on different tracks such as outdoor sports, beauty care, and fashion clothes, Xiaohongshu opened a series of IP to help luxury clothing brands link users and explore new marketing strengths. For example, the sportswear IP such as "CITYRUN Together" and "Let’s Start Now" presented in momo’s Life Line at the movie conference helped the brand to strengthen its professional image and expand its circle of new people by creating multiple sports scenes. The IP in momo’s Beautiful Time, such as Relax Lab, Odor Roaming Diary, Life Luxury Guide, and Truth Research Institute, create a fine marketing matrix of vertical track through the two-wheel drive of "scene+crowd", so that the beauty care brand can expand its global marketing imagination in Little Red Book; "A Day in Fashion momo" presents the IP of fashion clothes such as "A Collection of Popular slang" and "My Wear Formula", from wearing skills and fashion recommendations to new trends and brand shows, which makes the big show go out of the runway and go to life, creating more grass planting scenes for fashion clothes brands and providing marketing solutions in one stop.

At the same time, the series "Looking at China" in Xiaohongshu focuses on planting grass in domestic products, leading many domestic brands to "plant" into the content ecology of Xiaohongshu. In 2023, "Look at China" series IP went deep into the beauty track, and launched "Treasure ingredients are in China", which enabled the treasure strength of five domestic skin care brands to be transmitted to consumers in a three-dimensional way, and created a better voice position for domestic brands focusing on researching ingredients and developing products with more visible and more endorsement content, and entered consumers’ lives with a new attitude. In the future, "Looking at China" will also expand its perspective to more industries, and customize the theme game according to the characteristics of the industry, so as to realize the two-way development of the new demand of consumers and the hard power of domestic brands, and help domestic brands to open up new marketing possibilities.

From sharing the latest consumption trends in the industry to presenting the new gameplay and layout of marketing IP, this movie event set up a communication field for the platform, brands and users to promote sharing, which provided effective guidance for the high-quality development of the luxury clothing industry.

As an important position in brand marketing of beauty care, luxury goods and clothing trends, Xiaohongshu has always responded to the new changes in the industry with new ideas, continuously gained insight into the new trends of the luxury clothing industry, promoted the ecological evolution of the content in the station by creating a diversified and high-quality marketing IP, built a brand propaganda position, and helped the brand to convey its ideas, deepen its image and precipitate more brand assets and values.

Through Xiaohongshu’s marketing IP, American luxury clothing brands can not only gain insight into users’ real product and content needs, but also discover new trends and business. At the same time, with the increasingly mature marketing model and playing style of IP, they can gain new kinetic energy for crowd destruction and business growth.

In the future, Xiaohongshu marketing IP will continue to be rooted in the ecological soil of the community, based on individual living conditions and consumption mentality, listen carefully to the real sharing of platform users, and run it through different industries such as beauty care, luxury goods and fashion trends, and join hands with brands to explore more new opportunities, open up new business and achieve vigorous growth.

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Accustomed to reading how to "open" modern literary classics through mobile phones.

  The way people read through mobile phones has advantages and disadvantages. The advantages are convenience and large quantity. On the negative side, it may be easy to make thinking fragmented and reading fast food. How long have you been impatient to read the whole book — —

  How to "Open" Modern Literary Classics

  Borges, a famous Argentine novelist, said: "Classics are books that a nation or several nations have decided to read for a long time. They are books that people from generation to generation read with early enthusiasm and mysterious loyalty for different reasons." Since the late Qing dynasty, modern literature has only been more than a hundred years. Compared with the ancient literary classics that have been precipitated for thousands of years, the modern literary classics that have been washed out for more than a hundred years are very different.

  Facing the classics of modern literature,

  What should we do?

  First of all, the simplest thing is to face the work directly. Classics are sometimes daunting, so we should have the sincerity and patience to read them. Secondly, the works will be included in the coordinates of literary history. Place the work in a broader coordinate system instead of understanding it in isolation. Third, look for gaps and prototypes. What is the gap in this work? Where is the unexpected place of the author? Can a work extract a certain prototype until it finds its own way of dialogue with the work? The so-called application method or looking for a gap prototype is an attempt to establish an understanding based on one’s own feelings about the work. Reading classics is actually a way to express ourselves, rather than reading classics as a task. It is the classics that constitute the background color of a person’s humanistic quality. Therefore, classics should eventually return to the way of dialogue between readers and works. When you use all kinds of reading methods freely, you may find your own way to talk about classics. This way belongs to you alone, and no one can take it away.

  Rearrange the order for Chinese literature in the 20th century.

  Lu Xun, Guo Moruo, Mao Dun, Ba Jin, Lao She and Cao Yu (hereinafter referred to as "Lu, Guo, Mao, Ba, Lao and Cao") are six modern literary writers we are familiar with. Until today, our understanding of modern literature is still in the hierarchical order of literary history laid by these six writers. They occupy an important position in the territory of modern literary history. However, according to the classic view of constructivism, their classic pattern is not static.

  The selection of "Top 100 Chinese Novels in the 20th Century" was a literary classic construction activity in the late 1990s. At that time, the 20th century was coming to an end, and Hong Kong’s Asia Weekly invited heavyweight scholars and writers to jointly select the top 100 Chinese novels in the 20th century. Personally, I attach great importance to this list, because the judges include not only mainland scholars in China, but also scholars from Hong Kong and Taiwan and overseas scholars. It provides a larger evaluation field of vision. After the selection results were released, we found that the first place was Lu Xun’s Scream, the second was Shen Congwen’s Border Town, the third was Lao She’s Camel Xiangzi, the fourth was Zhang Ailing’s Legend, the fifth was Qian Zhongshu’s Fortress Besieged, the sixth was Mao Dun’s Midnight, and the seventh was Bai Xianyong’s Taipei Man. — Liu E’s Travels of the Old Handicapped.

  These ten classic works coincide with the modern literary classics we have known before, but they are somewhat unexpected: For example, Taipei Man, Biography of Hulan River and Travel Notes of the Old Disabled are not only on the list, but also in the top ten! This result surprised some people. Moreover, among these 100 works, there are many works by popular writers such as Zhuan Lou Zhu, Jin Yong, Gu Long, Liang Yusheng, Qiong Yao, Yi Shu and Li Bihua. "Hundreds of Excellent China Literature Books in a Hundred Years" is also a reliable classic reading bibliography. These are the 100 most important Chinese literature books in the 20th century jointly recommended by China mainland scholars and publishing institutions in the 1990s.

  Not all masterpieces

  Are the best works of writers.

  Masterpieces are often the guiding choice of classic texts. Generally speaking, masterpieces are works that represent the writer’s creative level, but not all masterpieces are the best works of writers. When evaluating a work in the history of literature, the social influence of the work is a very important consideration index, but a work with social influence may not necessarily have a higher literary level.

  For example, when we talk about new poetry, we will definitely talk about Hu Shi’s Trial Collection, because Hu Shi is the first person to write new poetry in a century, and there would be no modern new poetry without Trial Collection. However, if we take the new poems in Trial Collection as the standard of new poems, it is obviously to reduce the standard of new poems to the toddler stage. Therefore, although Hu Shi’s works are masterpieces of new poetry, they are definitely not the essence of new poetry. Another example is a mature writer like Ba Jin. His Home is indeed an excellent work, but it is not the most mature work of Ba Jin. Ba Jin’s writing can be divided into three stages: youth, middle age and old age. Young Ba Jin wrote the love trilogy Fog Rain Electricity and the torrent trilogy Home Spring Autumn. However, Ba Jin’s best works should be the trilogy of life "Cold Night", "The Fourth Ward" and "Resting Garden" written in middle age.

  Comparing Home with Cold Night, there is no doubt that Home is more influential, because it provides a proposition of the times, showing the collapse of a big family and the tragedy of youth enlightenment. Therefore, Home has a strong social response. Ba Jin, who is in the period of youth writing, has the first emotion, but when emotion occupies the center of writing, it is an obstacle to the depth of writing. Therefore, if you read Home carefully, you will feel that there are both young people’s unique enthusiasm and youth’s unique shallowness. In the 1940s, Ba Jin’s creation entered a mature stage. Cold Night is a story about a man who is caught between his mother and his wife. But this is only the surface of the story. What the novel really wants to express is that during the war years, young people full of blood gradually lost their dreams under the torture of life. Cold Night was born at the time of the victory of the Anti-Japanese War, and the whole novel was very sad. People usually think that the Anti-Japanese War has been won, the suffering has ended and a great nation has stood up. But in Cold Night, Ba Jin put forward a profound proposition: Does the victory of the Anti-Japanese War mean that all the problems in life can be solved? Ba Jin stepped into middle age from youth. Although his emotion changed from enthusiasm to condensation, it made his works more infectious and moved us more. Cold Night is also Ba Jin’s masterpiece, but compared with Home, readers are unfamiliar with it.

  A good writer should constantly break

  Readers’ reading expectation

  There is an important concept in reception aesthetics called "reading expectation", which means that before we enter a literary work, we will have a general expectation for this work by virtue of our existing reading accumulation. For example, we haven’t read Lu Xun’s novels before, but from our understanding of Lu Xun, we know that Lu Xun is a great enlightener, thinker, revolutionary and a great writer. These constitute the most basic judgment for us to read Lu Xun. When Lu Xun’s works conform to this judgment, we will think that our judgment and understanding are correct. On the contrary, we will be surprised: Lu Xun actually wrote like this!

  Formalism focuses on the artistic expression of the text and the strength of the form of the work. For example, when we look at a work, we feel that it is very old-fashioned and lacking in merit. And sometimes we will find that some works are very clever, similar to those we have read before, but different, and feel very novel. In fact, this is the so-called defamiliarization — — Our existing literary understanding is not enough to explain it, and it presents us with new challenges.

  For example, Lu Xun’s New Stories, many of which are very playful, are not quite the same as our understanding of Lu Xun’s serious style. This constitutes the so-called defamiliarization. A good writer should constantly break the reader’s reading expectation. Therefore, great writers often don’t follow the old habits, but have multiple faces. One Hundred Years of Solitude is a great masterpiece, but Marquez has not only One Hundred Years of Solitude, but also excellent works such as Love in Cholera Period, Colonel who has no one to write to him, Old Man with Giant Wings and Dead Leaves. On closer reading, you will find that the styles of these works are quite different. One Hundred Years of Solitude is the pinnacle of magical realism, while The Colonel who has no one to write to him is a solid realistic narrative, and Love in Cholera Period is called "the greatest love novel in the world". If you read Love in Cholera with the expectation of reading One Hundred Years of Solitude, you will find that it completely disappoints your expectation, which in turn gives us a brand-new reading experience. Marquez is always challenging our reading expectations. Formalism criticism focuses on whether a work breaks our expectations and provides a strange reading experience.

  The works of women writers

  Suitable for interpretation from feminist perspective

  Today, men’s discrimination against women still exists and is often ignored by us. Feminism tries to embody this discrimination in the context of our ignorance. Therefore, the works of female writers are very suitable to be interpreted from a feminist perspective. For example, Zhang Ailing’s works sometimes give us an anti-feminist feeling.

  In "Love in a Fallen City", Bai Liusu tried every means to marry Fan Liuyuan, and they tried every means and struggled. Finally, the Pacific War broke out, Hong Kong fell, overturned a city and made a love. From the standpoint of feminism, the ultimate meaning of a woman’s life is not given by a man, but what Bai Liusu wants in Love in the City is to marry Fan Liuyuan. Isn’t this an anti-feminist writing? This anti-feminist writing reflects Zhang Ailing’s irony of feminism. Zhang Ailing is actually standing in a higher feminist position. She believes that Bai Liusu’s story really falls into the so-called "feminist dilemma", that is, it seems that a woman can only achieve perfection in a certain sense if she is attached to a man. Zhang Ailing expressed her distrust of radical feminism by describing the process that Bai Liusu tried to enter the role that male chauvinism wanted women to enter.

  Lu Yin and Xiao Hong’s works are full of feminism, but such feminism can’t really change the situation of women. Comparing Xiao Hong and Zhang Ailing, Xiao Hong’s feminism is highly prominent. Before she died, she said a few words, one of which was "the sky of women is low". Xiao Hong, trapped in the depths of feminism, met different men all her life, but never gained emotional security. Zhang Ailing is different from her. Zhang Ailing understands the illusion and imagination of this feminist writing, so her Love in the City expresses her feminist position in an ironic way. This is an important angle for us to interpret literary works.

  Avoid falling into the "orientalist trap"

  Adopting the perspective of colonialism and post-colonialism, this is a new perspective to interpret the text with the development of cultural studies. Let’s take a movie example to illustrate post-colonialism. The fifth generation directors, such as Zhang Yimou and Chen Kaige, made many so-called "folk customs" in their films in the 1980s, such as the sedan chair and wine offering in Red Sorghum, the light sealing and foot beating in Red Lantern Hanging High, and the rain praying in Chen Kaige’s film Yellow Land, etc. The fifth generation directors hope that the oriental culture will be revived on the screen. However, if we look at it from the post-colonial point of view of Said and others, when the fifth-generation directors desperately show the folk wonders of the oriental nation in their films, they just fall into the so-called Orientalism trap.

  What is Orientalism? Generally speaking, westerners’ understanding of the East does not come from actual observation of the East, but from reading and watching literary and artistic works that describe the East. Westerners artificially establish the leading position of the West, and when they describe the East, they often create a so-called "grade difference" — — The East is a fascinating foreign land waiting for the West to discover. The meaning of this sentence is that only when the west discovers it can the beauty of the East be presented. This is the so-called Orientalism. Zhang Yimou and the fifth generation of directors he represents, in their films, present the orient, which is actually a kind of so-called self-orientalization. They present China’s aesthetic feeling in the way of "self-orientalization", at the same time, they give westerners a way to understand and observe China through movies, which will inevitably lead westerners to fail to objectively and truly understand China.

  A similar situation occurs in literary works. For example, Jing M.Guo’s Tiny Times, which is deeply loved by young people, can also be viewed from a post-colonial perspective as a book with a wide reading rate and influence among young people. Under the background of globalization, Jing M.Guo completed his own naming for this era. He named this era of globalization as a small era, reminding us to rethink the center and edge.

  (Ma bing The author is a professor at the College of Literature of Shandong University, and the article is selected from "Reading Classics" by Shanda Literature Life Museum.

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Remarriage was scolded by hot search. Did other people in the play collapse?

Original poison Sir Sir movie

9.3 Chinese opera, as hard as a stone.

Have you seen them all?

"Big Rivers 2", the leader of this year’s national drama, booked the king of the annual drama in advance.

Sir just came to Amway two days ago.

But the backstage friends kept urging, and Amway didn’t seem to be enough once.

As it happens, there is also a new topic.

Everyone is talking, so Sir is also involved.

There are three men and three carriages in the play.

Only one Lei Dongbao has been scolded by netizens recently.

Because of Lei Dongbao, she remarried.

In the barrage, the screen is full of accusations against Lei Dongbao.

Because he once swore that he would never marry again, he married a new person in the second season.

As a result, spoony people set up a collapse.

They are so angry.

It seems wrong not to be angry.

However, Sir is really not angry … And the more you think about it, the less angry you are.

Well, today’s article is expected to offend a lot of people.

I must talk calmly about Comrade Lei Dongbao’s "remarriage crime".

01

Who is Lei Dongbao?

He is a demobilized soldier, and now the village party secretary of Xiaolei’s family leads the villagers to become rich in the collective economy.

Hot temper, rough style, dare to think and dare to do it.

But also bold and cautious, flexible and flexible, in order to get rich, always test the sensitive edge again and again.

Of course, when people collapse, these neutral descriptions have also become derogatory terms.

His carelessness and untidiness turned him into a "clown, uneducated, and climbed Pingping";

His flexibility will be flexible and become "reneging and heartless";

Originally it was Li Yunlong, but now it’s Chen Shimei.

Understandable.

Because the audience all like Song Yunping played by Tanya.

As Bai Yueguang in "Rivers", she is not only beautiful, educated, sacrificed and empathetic.

There is also a short life and a sad life.

Give up college for my younger brother.

In order to support the family, I continued to give up my exams (I went to raise long-haired rabbits).

Diligent housekeeping, filial piety to parents, respect for elders … Even being teased by her mother-in-law is treated with patience.

Being a daughter, a sister or a wife is a model of China’s traditional values.

Especially as a wife.

After she married Lei Dongbao, the couple were in perfect harmony. She supported Lei Dongbao’s work, and through continuous learning, she took charge of the accounting work in Xiaoleijia Village and became a wife.

With her help, Lei Dongbao is even more powerful from the outside to the inside.

But beauty is unlucky, and good people are always killed by scripts.

Redongbao was in big trouble, so he was too busy to take care of the village. Pregnant Pingping held up half the sky. She helped the village to liquidate the purchased materials, but it was knocked down by steel bars, which led to massive bleeding … one body and two lives.

Lei Dongbao went crazy when he heard the news.

In front of his body, he deeply repented of the love of his life and severely condemned himself for failing to take care of his wife.

Then, he swore in front of the mourning hall that he would never marry.

Did he do it?

For the next five years, Lei Laohu remained single, and still gave filial piety to Song Yunping’s parents as the son-in-law of the Song family.

In the years when Song Yunhui went to college and just started working.

The two old people in the Song family have been taken care of by their son-in-law Lei Dongbao.

On weekdays, food and clothing, and buying new year’s goods on holidays are all done by Lei Dongbao.

Even five years after his wife died, he was still in charge.

In other words, even if Song Yunhui was the star of tomorrow, at that time, the contribution to this family was not necessarily comparable to that of Lei Dongbao.

In a word, this infatuation is even a little stubborn, and it stands still.

Until the end of the first film.

Lei Dongbao met another good woman, Wei Chunhong.

Wei Chunhong is a man who is half in line with tradition and half out of line.

The traditional part is that she, like Pingping, has helped Lei Laohu many times in her career without asking for anything in return (she loves and loves Lei himself).

This is traditionally called a good wife (some young people may not recognize it because it is not so "feminist");

The unconventional part … In the eyes of Lei Laohu’s mother, this is a widow with a drag bottle (a son), which makes a fool of herself.

Of course, there are more unconventional ones.

She is a strong woman.

Being strong is forced by life.

After her husband died, my wife couldn’t do it, so she had to go out alone to socialize in the Jianghu, open a small restaurant and maintain contacts.

Don’t condemn why all the women here want to be "good wives"-this is an out-of-date view-she probably got married in the 1980s or in a relatively underdeveloped town.

So, of course, she is a respectable independent woman, and she became independent quite early (1990s).

Anyway.

From the second half of the first season to the beginning of the second season, Lei Laohu’s inner ice was finally melted by Wei Chunhong.

Finally, one thing that broke the ice happened-

In order to get a bank loan for Xiao Lei’s family in crisis, Wei Chunhong sacrificed himself, held a fake wedding with Lei Laohu, and used the happy event to force the head of the local bank to come to the door, and then took the loan.

That night, Wei Chunhong was hard to avoid being sad. She kept up the show and said to the shop assistants who congratulated her:

Go home, fake …

Lei Laohu, who saw all this in his eyes, couldn’t stand it any longer.

He is a man and doesn’t like being in debt.

He is also a man of flesh and blood, so he can’t pretend to be blind to love.

He is grateful to Wei Chunhong and likes Wei Chunhong. What stands between them is only a deep affection of that year and an oath of "never marrying again".

Is it the living or the dead?

This question may be put in front of everyone and has a realistic answer.

In the play, Lei Laohu also chose it in this way, which is in line with human nature.

He can’t fail another person, and he can’t continue to torture himself.

Finally, he and Wei Chunhong got the license.

Moreover, the guilt in his heart could not be eliminated, so he called Pingping’s younger brother, Song Yunhui.

I hope to get the understanding and blessing from the Song family, and I will continue to honor my parents (Pingping).

After remarriage in the second season, Lei Dongbao also proposed to take Wei Chunhong to "come home and see".

The audience in the city will probably think that Lei Dongbao is not sensible.

In fact, in many rural areas, it is a custom for a son-in-law to visit his deceased wife’s parents with a second wife, which proves that the relationship between relatives will not be broken.

Later, Song Yunhui’s refusal was actually "ungrateful" in the traditional sense, and it also completely hurt Lei Dongbao’s heart.

And then … who knows.

Lei Dongbao was scolded by the hot search.

02

To tell the truth, Sir is angry, too.

A widower and a widow. You love me, why grass widow?

One is affectionate and the other is righteous. It’s not in anyone’s way. Why can’t we be together?

A "death oath" that never marries again, why should two "big living people" be tied to death?

Really, it’s confusing.

I understand the regret of Pingping’s early death, and I regret it, but regret does not mean that we have to create a "villain".

Really want to argue?

Then let’s start from the beginning and look through Lei Laohu’s emotional history-

Let’s start with Lei Laohu.

He is a demobilized soldier. He has been in the army for several years and has never seen a woman, which determines how vigorous his first love will be.

An axial person, of course, doesn’t like everyone. The first season has fully paved the way for his emotional singleness.

What about Song Yunping?

Are you free to fall in love with Lei Dongbao? Have you ever been persecuted or forced to marry?

None of them.

Song Yunping always has the right to refuse in this relationship.

In other words, no matter how much the audience regrets Song Yunping and despises Lei Dongbao, love is always Song Yunping’s choice. Besides, despising Lei Dongbao doesn’t mean that Song Yunping is wrong? Contradictions

The second question is, in Lei Song’s married life, did Lei Laohu do anything that was sorry for Song Yunping?

No.

On the contrary, the scene of their incomparable love is the first Bai Yueguang, in which all the audience are loved by her husband, and her wife is sensible.

If nothing happens, they will always make peace with Meimei.

The third question, is Lei Dongbao responsible for the death of Song Yunping?

Yes, but not all.

Many people will question why the wife in labor should be allowed to liquidate the purchased materials.

This is another query that is out of date.

In fact, how can a hard-working village enterprise have so many jobs?

Purchasing goods and materials is the biggest position in oil and water, and it is absolutely necessary for trustworthy people to handle it. It is precisely the greatest trust that Lei Dongbao puts his wife in charge.

However, after his wife died, the corruption of Xiaolei’s family business also proved the lack of Pingping in a certain way, which led to Lei Dongbao’s obstinacy (or isolation).

So it’s not so much that thunder caused Song’s death as that even the screenwriter didn’t allow Song Yunping to live … This is a complete plot killing.

From the time they met, the bloody rabbit hinted at the tragic ending of this relationship.

The fourth question, is it a lie that Redong Bao Lingtang swore never to marry?

Hehe, the oath is really untrue. If we have to mention such a high dimension to prove it … can it be said that all divorced people in the world are morally corrupt?

After all, when they get married, everyone vows to grow old together!

In fact, there is always a "bottom line" for the test of an oath:

At that time, whether the parties were sincere or not.

In the mourning hall, Lei Dongbao was obviously sincere.

Pain makes him sincere, and guilt makes him sincere.

The despair of his future life made him sincere.

But the world is always changing, which is an objective law; An oath to keep things unchanged is our subjective expectation. We can pursue it and stick to it, but we can’t lose our rational understanding of the world.

In the play, the world is also changing quietly.

Many years after Pingping’s death, everyone regarded Lei Dongbao as a tough guy with a strong appearance.

But no matter how strong you look, there are always moments of weakness.

In episode 45, Lei Dongbao confesses to Shi Gen, who spent the night drunk at Wei Chunhong’s house and ruined his reputation.

I am not a person.

Isn’t he human?

Even the villagers with relatively conservative thoughts, after gossiping, probably won’t object to his remarriage.

Let such a person in charge of a collective enterprise be a bad karma person all his life?

He’s exhausted, and it’s not the villagers who are finally harmed?

Even, Lei Dongbao’s annoying mother doesn’t want to … From a feudal point of view, she wants Lei’s family to stay behind.

To say the least, even if the villagers still have chastity archways in their eyes.

But what keeps pace with the times is that they know that this archway can be "boiled".

Shigen advised:

It’s been five years.

What do you want to prove?

You held on, Dongbao.

And several people in the Song family, including Pingping complex, daughter complex and sister complex, all respect this humanity.

Song Yunhui repeatedly advised him:

Brother, if you can find it, I won’t blame you.

It’s time for you to have your own life.

So, what should we think of the mourning hall oath?

Is to ignore the changes in the world, whether dead or alive, only care about the purity of love;

Or do you recognize the truth in the play and accept the compromise and helplessness of human nature?

Lei Dongbao’s oath belongs to "reasonable expiration".

Because not the person who swears has changed, but the "object of swearing" has changed. This object of swearing can be people or the world.

As a rational bystander, we can at least learn from Song Yunhui.

He is the one who cherishes his sister Song Yunping the most.

But even he can say:

I never take your poison oath as fart.

It doesn’t mean that I don’t believe your sincerity.

It’s that I look at people’s worldly desires

You have been single for five years.

Our family can’t believe it.

You find new happiness.

My sister’s spirit in heaven will also be very pleased.

He always says so. Why not be an audience?

Why can’t you get past this old-fashioned hurdle?

Sir has always felt that the evaluation of film and television characters should start from the inside.

(Needless to say, Sir, this should be the basic viewing intuition. )

Drama is never fake, but experience and mood are summed up from real life.

This "Li" means to live in the role, feel his experience, experience his psychological situation, cross the "fake time" of episodes, and feel the months and years that really flow on the role.

You will understand when you experience it.

Instead of starting from the inside, start from the outside? That would be a verbal attack, and a memorial archway of chastity would be built to kill people. In fact, in the end, it is others who are bound, not yourself.

The people who do this, even after the age of 90 s and 00 s, live on seven aunts and eight aunts. It is these people who torture you every year.

All right, that’s all for Lei Laohu’s remarriage.

Sir showed his approval with both hands and feet.

If you want to spray Sir, see you in the message area.

The picture in this article comes from the Internet.

Editor’s Assistant: Guilmault’s Gyro

Original title: "Remarriage was scolded by hot search, is he scum?" 》

Read the original text

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The issue of "bride price" is hot again! What do you think of low bride price and zero bride price?

  BEIJING, March 4 (Reuters)-In recent years, the issue of high-priced bride price has once again become the focus of discussion. Recently, "it is suggested that rural areas should carry out low bride price and zero bride price", "experts say that zero bride price does not conform to traditional wedding customs" and "Civil Affairs Bureau responded to the announcement of bride price report" … … Topics such as hot search have been posted, which has triggered heated discussions on the Internet.

  suggestionCarry out "low bride price" and advocate "zero bride price"

  At the National People’s Congress in 2022, many NPC deputies suggested curbing the sky-high bride price and rectifying the high-priced bride price in rural areas. In the No.1 Document of the Central Committee in 2023, the "high-priced bride price" was named again. Recently, the issue of high-priced bride price is still a topic of concern to many deputies.

  Hejian city, Hebei Province is the first batch of national experimental areas for the reform of marriage customs. Recently, Shi Bingqi, deputy to the National People’s Congress and secretary of the Party branch of Dazhuang Village, hejian city, Hebei Province, said that he was preparing a proposal to implement the "low bride price" in rural areas, the content of which was to implement it. Advocate "zero bride price" on the basis of "low bride price".

  "I visited the survey and found that our rural bride price is 100,000 yuan, some 180,000 yuan, and even some 300,000 yuan. The bride price is relatively high. Farmers mainly rely on working and farming to earn income, and they can’t bear the burden of bride price of more than 100,000. " He said.

  Regarding the reasons for the "high-priced bride price" in rural areas, Shi Bingqi believes that, first, girls have a good face, and she thinks that the high face of the bride price is greater; second, some girls think that a higher bride price will increase their sense of security after marriage; and third, comparing with each other has caused the "high-priced bride price" to become more and more fierce.

  He believes that the implementation of "low bride price" can be started from these aspects. First, the "Village Regulations and People’s Covenant" is formulated, and "zero bride price" is advocated to achieve "low bride price". The second is to set up a red and white Council to play its role. The third is the manufacturing environment.

  "For example, our village has built a red event hall, which is always implemented" ‘ Low bride price ’ Young people who get married in the red event hall are free to use, only get a food fee, and give them some recognition and encouragement. Right ‘ Zero bride price ’ We recommend them to our superiors to attend the collective wedding in the city and give them higher honor. "

  Ding Zuohong, member of Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and chairman of the board of directors of Yuexing Group, also suggested that family life education and marriage education should be introduced into family education and school classrooms, and young people should be actively guided to establish a correct concept of mate selection, so that the sunshine concept of "marriage and childbearing at the right age, excellent children and excellent children" can be deeply rooted in people’s hearts.

  At the same time, Ding Zuohong believes that it is necessary to build a fertility-friendly social environment. It is suggested to build a group of public service platforms for making friends and marriage with high integrity, which are convenient for unmarried young people to participate in; Study on bringing the cost of childbirth into the social security system in an all-round way, explore the introduction of new models such as social special funds, improve the flexible working system, and so on.

  Is it feasible to implement the "zero bride price"?

  Zhongxin Finance noted that in recent years, many places have introduced policies to "limit the height" of bride price. For example, as the first batch of national experimental areas for the reform of marriage customs, Ningling County, Henan Province generally incorporated the provisions of marriage and funeral customs into village rules and regulations, and advocated that the bride price should not be higher than 30,000 yuan. Some places advocate not exceeding 10,000 yuan, and some places advocate no bride price or less bride price. So, is it feasible to carry out no bride price?

  According to the nine-faction news report, Gan Mantang, a professor of sociology at Fuzhou University, believes that the bride price, as a part of the traditional wedding custom, is not only inconsistent with the traditional wedding custom (culture), but its feasibility remains to be considered.

  "When we curb the high-priced bride price, we can’t go to the other extreme, and a moderate bride price is also necessary." He said.

  Gan Mantang analyzed that the problem of "bride price" is not the main reason why rural young men can’t afford to get married. The deeper reason lies in the backwardness of rural education and other resources, which forced rural marriageable young men to buy houses in the county, thus bringing huge economic pressure for marriage. "However, there is now a high-priced bride price that exceeds the scope of the man’s commitment, which makes young men daunting. This should be curbed."

  Judging from the information published in many places, by taking a series of measures, unhealthy trends such as high-priced bride price and big-scale handling have been effectively curbed.

  A few days ago, the relevant person in charge of the Social Affairs Department of the Civil Affairs Department of Henan Province said that on the whole, Henan Province has solidly promoted the reform of marriage customs, and the stereotypes such as high-priced bride price, high-priced gifts, extravagant and wasteful activities have been effectively curbed, and the reform work has made progress in stages.

  Expert: To manage high-priced bride price, we need to clarify three pairs of relationships.

  Wang Defu, an associate professor at China Rural Governance Research Center of Wuhan University, wrote an article saying that the governance of high-priced bride price is a systematic project.

  Wang Defu believes that there are three pairs of relationships that need to be clarified about the issue of high-priced bride price:

  The first is "small bride price" and "big bride price". "Small betrothal gift", in a narrow sense, is a betrothal gift given by a man to his wife’s family. The customs vary from place to place, and the content and the form of the gift are different. The "big bride price" can be regarded as the man’s family expenditure including all the marriage costs, and the most typical one is the wedding car and the wedding room.

  The second is "bride price competition" and "marriage competition". The gender imbalance caused by economic differentiation and population mobility, followed by regional marriage squeeze and marriage competition, are the deep structural factors that promote the rise of bride price.

  The third is "engagement risk" and "marriage risk". One of the original meanings of the bride price is the guarantee of concluding the engagement. In the era of gender inequality, it is a risk-prevention means for the woman to hurt herself when the man may dissolve the engagement at will. Now, the nature of bride price has changed fundamentally. It is hoped that the bride price will not only guarantee the engagement, but also guarantee a lifetime of happiness.

  "For economically underdeveloped remote and poor areas and some areas where bride price competition customs exist, high-priced bride price will aggravate the outbreak of regional marriage problems and overdraw the risk prevention ability of farmers’ families." He believes that we need to do something to make the price paid by individuals and society smaller and smaller. (Zhongxin Finance)

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The new aviation security rules make it clear that nine types of disturbing behaviors can be controlled if they are ineffective.

  BEIJING, March 20 (Xinhua)-The website of the State Council Legislative Affairs Office announced today the "Rules for Safety and Security in Public Air Passenger Transport Flight" (full text). According to the working rules, nine types of disturbing behaviors of passengers on the plane, such as occupying seats, fighting, picking fights and using mobile phones illegally, will be stopped verbally, and control measures will be taken if the stop is invalid.

  According to the working rules, the captain is responsible for the safety and security work in flight. The pilot-in-command requests passengers’ assistance when necessary when handling the disturbing or illegal interference on the aircraft; When there are acts that seriously endanger flight safety, such as disruptive behavior or illegal interference behavior, the original flight plan shall be changed or the aircraft shall be properly disposed according to the needs.

  According to the working rules, crew members should deal with disruptive behavior and illegal interference according to the authorization of the captain. According to the handling procedure of the case (incident) on board, when the disturbance occurs, the crew members should stop it orally, and if the stop fails, control measures should be taken; In case of illegal interference, crew members shall take all necessary measures.

  According to the explanation of the working rules, illegal interference refers to acts or attempted acts that endanger the safety of civil aviation, mainly including:

  (1) Unlawful hijacking of aircraft;

  (2) Destroying an aircraft in use;

  (3) Taking hostages on board an aircraft or at an airport;

  (4) Forcibly breaking into aircraft, airports or aviation facilities;

  (5) Bringing weapons or dangerous devices or materials into an aircraft or airport for criminal purposes;

  (6) Causing death, serious personal injury or serious damage to property or the environment by using an aircraft in use;

  (7) spreading false information that endangers the safety of passengers, crew members, ground personnel or the public in aircraft, airports or civil aviation facilities in flight or on the ground.

  Disruptive behavior refers to the behavior of not complying with the regulations at the civil airport or on the aircraft, or not following the instructions of the airport staff or crew members, thus disturbing the good order at the airport or on the aircraft.

  Disturbance on the aircraft mainly includes:

  (a) occupying seats and luggage racks;

  (two) fighting, affray;

  (three) illegal use of mobile phones or other prohibited electronic equipment;

  (four) theft, intentional damage or unauthorized removal of life-saving articles and other aviation facilities and equipment or forced opening of emergency doors;

  (five) smoking (including electronic cigarettes) and using kindling;

  (six) obscene or sexual harassment of passengers in the cabin;

  (seven) the dissemination of obscene articles and other illegally printed materials;

  (eight) hinder the crew members to perform their duties;

  (9) Other acts that disrupt the order on the aircraft.

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Nearly 1,600 cars participated in the competition for the auto market in the second half of the year, and new energy is still the protagonist of this year’s Chengdu Auto Show.

On August 25th, the 26th Chengdu International Automobile Exhibition (referred to as "2023 Chengdu Auto Show") opened. The theme of the 10-day 2023 Chengdu Auto Show is "Enjoy Chengdu with wisdom and see the future with control". According to the organizing committee, this year’s auto show will bring nearly 1,600 cars from 129 automobile brands including German, American, French, Japanese, Korean, joint ventures and independent companies.

As the largest and highest-standard annual automobile event in the western region, Chengdu Auto Show has always been regarded as a weather vane and barometer for the development of the automobile industry in the central and western regions, which is of great significance to boosting automobile consumption and stimulating the vitality of the automobile market. Shell Finance reporter learned from the organizing committee that at the 24th Chengdu Auto Show, the total sales of new cars reached 37,700, with a total sales of 6.516 billion yuan.

Since the beginning of this year, promoting automobile consumption and expanding the consumption of new energy vehicles have been mentioned many times. In order to further stimulate automobile consumption, at this year’s Chengdu Auto Show, the organizing committee launched car purchase discounts, and exhibitors and dealers also launched car purchase discounts or car purchase vouchers.


Two venues are specially set up for the new energy automobile pavilion.

New energy vehicles are still the well-deserved "protagonists" in this year’s Chengdu Auto Show. Halls 10 and 11 are even set as "special pavilions" for new energy vehicles. The two pavilions attracted 18 new energy vehicle brands such as "Wei Xiaoli", Extreme Krypton, Extreme Fox, Lantu, Extreme Star, Wei Pai and Deep Blue. On the first day of the auto show, the venues were crowded.

Among the new car-making enterprises, Weilai exhibited all models, the third-generation power station, and the full-stack self-developed intelligent technology; At the Xpeng Motors booth, as the key model to drive sales this year, Tucki G6 became the focus of the exhibition; LI released the latest progress and layout planning of the "dual-energy strategy" at this auto show, and revealed that the ideal MEGA for pure electric vehicles will be officially released in December this year.

It’s not just the new power enterprises that build cars that are making efforts, with a view to adding more help to the competition in the automobile market in the second half of the year through new models or new technologies. Independent brands are also making great efforts to compete for the automobile market in the second half of the year.

BYD brought its BYD, Tengshi, Equation Leopard and Wangwang brands to the Chengdu Auto Show, and each brand was displayed in the form of an independent booth. As a strategic model of BYD Ocean Network’s impact on the medium-sized car market, Seal DM-i started pre-sale at Chengdu Auto Show, and the pre-sale price of six models was 176,800-246,800 yuan. Leopard 5, the first strategic model of the newly launched Equation Leopard brand, was also officially released at the auto show, and the blind order price was 300,000-400,000 yuan.

Byd seal DM-i Figure/BYD official website

The five brands of Great Wall Motor, Haval, Weipai, Euler, Tank and Great Wall Gun, landed at Chengdu Auto Show with nearly 30 products. The Haval brand was unveiled with the new energy product matrix, and the first new energy off-road SUV Haval Raptors made its debut and announced the pre-sale price of 160,000-190,000 yuan. The launch of the above-mentioned models has filled the market gap of Haval brand’s new energy off-road SUV within the price range of 200,000 yuan. So far, Haval brand has completed the two-line product layout of new energy city SUV+ new energy off-road SUV. Weipai New Energy presented with Gaoshan DHT-PHEV and Lanshan DHT-PHEV, in which Gaoshan officially opened the reservation and released the reservation rights.

The tank brand is also accelerating the layout of off-road new energy, making its debut at the auto show with the all-Hi4-T new energy lineup. The tank 400 Hi4-T was officially pre-sold, including the pre-sale price of the functional version of 285,000 yuan and the pre-sale price of the super version of 295,000 yuan. The tank brand said that the new energy transformation of all products will be accelerated in the future. The performance version of the pickup mountain and sea gun under the Great Wall Gun is the world’s first show, and 2023 black bombs are listed.

Tank 400 hi4-t. Figure/Great Wall Motor official website

In addition, the investment of joint venture car companies in this year’s Chengdu Auto Show should not be underestimated. Hyundai, Kia, Volkswagen and other brands will all exhibit new products or technologies at this year’s Chengdu Auto Show. Such as KIA EV6 listing and EV5 pre-sale; Beijing Hyundai brand-new Elantra, brand-new Elantra N Line and MUFASA Musa high-end customized version appeared. "The new Elantra is priced at 99,800 yuan to 133,800 yuan, providing consumers with a sales policy of’ oil level rights’." Beijing Hyundai said that in the past year, after many discussions, the senior management of both shareholders reached a series of strategic consensus, such as the globalization of technology, cooperation with local ICT enterprises in China, and the export of domestic products.

Beijing Hyundai Elantra. Figure/Beijing Modern official website

In the fierce market competition, the joint venture brand has continuously increased the China market and made localization measures in order to boost the competitiveness of the track.

"New energy products continue to be launched, covering a wide range of price segments and vehicle categories. The product features cover all market segments, and the promotion enthusiasm of mainstream manufacturers is at a high level." Cui Dongshu, secretary-general of the Association, believes that with the promotion of the central government’s consumption promotion policy and the active marketing activities such as auto shows, the market consumption is generally good.

Exhibitors and dealers offer car purchase discounts to stimulate consumption.

According to the statistics of the Ministry of Public Security, by the end of June this year, the number of cars in Chengdu had exceeded 6 million. According to the data of Chengdu Economic and Information Bureau, from the consumption side, Chengdu is the fastest growing area of automobile consumption in China. From January to May this year, 74,100 new energy vehicles were promoted in Chengdu, a year-on-year increase of 20.5%, ranking fourth in the country in sales volume. By the end of May, a total of 531,000 new energy vehicles had been promoted, accounting for 7.9% of the city’s total vehicle ownership, ranking sixth in the national cities and first in the non-restricted cities.

The automobile market is about to usher in the traditional peak season of "Golden September and Silver 10". As an important automobile market in the west, Chengdu Auto Show plays an important role in it. The reporter of Shell Finance noticed that despite the media day on the first day of the auto show, the sales staff of many auto brands distributed leaflets in the passage outside the exhibition hall and continued to promote them.

In addition, in order to speed up the recovery and boost automobile consumption and stimulate market vitality, Shell Finance reporter learned from the organizing committee that at this year’s Chengdu Auto Show, the organizing committee launched a car purchase discount activity, and all brand manufacturers of Chengdu International Auto Show will bring exclusive car purchase discounts to the auto show, and dealers will also introduce cash deductions and car purchase vouchers.

"The new cars listed at the Shanghai Auto Show in April have played a good role in boosting the sales volume of the new energy market. After this Chengdu Auto Show, it is about to enter the peak season of’ Golden September and Silver 10′. It is expected that the Chengdu Auto Show will relay the Shanghai Auto Show, and the new cars listed are expected to become the core boost to the new energy auto market in the second half of the year." Galaxy Securities Research Report pointed out.

Beijing News Shell Financial Reporter Zhang Bing

Editor Zhang Xiaoxian proofreads Lin Zhao.

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Is a muscular man necessarily healthy? Have you been shot in these fitness "misunderstandings"?

   Swimming can also swim out of the swimming shoulder?

  Is a muscular man necessarily healthy?

  Can you jump out of the disease by dancing square dance?

  Which sports are the elderly suitable for?

  Around the hot topic of netizens,

  The reporter interviewed Dr. Wu Liang, director of the Rehabilitation Center of Xiaotangshan Hospital in Beijing.

  Let him talk about how much you jumped in these common fitness pits.

  First, swimming

  Summer is hot,Many sportsmen choose to move to the swimming pool.,

  Swimming is not only a good way to cool off the heat.,

  It can also enhance cardiopulmonary function and exercise physical flexibility.,You can also lose weight and burn fat.

  But some people are getting harder and harder when paddling.,

  At this time, we should pay attention to the "swimming shoulder".

  What is a "swimming shoulder"?

  Shoulder injury caused by excessive shoulder movement during swimming is scientifically called "Shoulder Impact Syndrome", which includes glenoid lip structure injury, tendon injury (biceps brachii and tendon of long head) and related soft tissue injury. Swimming shoulder is the injury with the highest incidence in swimming events.

  Why do some people get "swimming shoulders"?

  Abnormal movements, excessive swimming training, improper use of swimming training tools, shoulder joint relaxation and weakened shoulder muscle strength are all important factors that cause swimming shoulder.

  How to prevent "swimming shoulders"?

  First, strengthen the strength and improve the stability of the shoulder. Prepare fully for activities, such as bending your head forward and rotating your back 10 ~ 15 times to move your neck; Shoulders shrug, arms draw circles and do chest expansion exercises for 10 ~ 15 times each to move shoulders and chest; Bend your knees, bend your hips, do squats and stand up alternately for 10 ~ 15 times each to move your knees.

  The second is to maintain the correct posture, the body is in a flat state, the body is relaxed, the movements are stretched, the hand and foot movements are coordinated in place, and the swimming speed is balanced. It is not advisable to be too fast and too hard.

  The third is to control the time reasonably, and the swimming time should not be too long, no more than one hour at a time.

  Fourth, adapt to the temperature of the pool water in advance. Before entering the water, swimmers should wet their limbs, chest, abdomen and back with cold water at the edge of the pool or on the shore, so as to gradually adapt to the temperature in the water, which can effectively avoid the occurrence of swimming deformation and cramping.

  Everyone knows that swimming has a positive effect on the exercise of lumbar, cervical and back muscles and cardiopulmonary function. However, whether you are a swimmer or a novice, you should swim slowly to avoid suffering from "swimming shoulders".  

  Second, fitness

  Mention people who do fitness.,

  Many people usually think of sunny men who are healthy and full of spirit.

  Biceps brachii and eight-pack abdominal muscles … …

  Body-building muscles make men more attractive.,

  so

  Is a muscular man necessarily healthy?

  Muscular men can be divided into five types: capable, lean, thick, fat and rocky, and do not refer to bodybuilders whose muscles are as hard as rocks. The first three kinds pay attention to the coordinated training of muscles, which makes us pursue healthy and beautiful training results, while the latter two kinds should be avoided as much as possible. Excessive emphasis on the transitional training of some muscles will not only cause muscle joint injury, but also cause abnormal development of human body.

  In order to pursue muscle and increase the intake of protein, the diet structure will be destroyed, which will lead to the lack of nutrition in other organs and systems of the human body, resulting in the impairment of its function. Moreover, excessive muscle exercise will increase the load on the heart and consume more oxygen; More blood is distributed to the muscles; Thereby reducing the blood supply to other tissues. Scientific and reasonable diet, proper exercise and coordinated and balanced development are the real health and beauty.

  Third, yoga

  Yoga because "no threshold",

  Is being loved by more and more people.

  Is yoga really suitable for everyone?

  First of all, you should be familiar with all parts of your body, so that you can exert yourself correctly during the practice. Secondly, you should know whether you have diseases such as high blood pressure and heart disease, or whether you have injuries to cervical vertebrae and lumbar vertebrae, and the injury history of other parts of your body, and avoid doing actions that may cause damage to your body.

  Furthermore, beginners should avoid practicing yoga alone. They should choose a yoga teacher with professional qualification certificate to guide them, and choose appropriate courses. When practicing, they should wear soft and comfortable yoga clothes and equip them with professional props, such as yoga blankets and bricks, so as to better protect and support their bodies. Finally, the practitioner should fully warm up before practice, and stop immediately if he feels uncomfortable.

  The following groups of people need to pay special attention when practicing yoga: 1. People who are physically weak or have high blood pressure, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and respiratory diseases should pay attention to cultivating their hearts when practicing yoga, and remember not to pursue the amplitude and intensity of movements. Because excessive flexion, extension and rotation can compress the abdomen and lower limbs, increase abdominal pressure, increase venous blood in the heart, increase heart load, and lead to dyspnea or recurrence of old diseases.

  2. Children should pay special attention to practicing yoga. Although practicing yoga can enhance the flexibility of muscles and ligaments, improper practice of yoga in children with developing bones and soft tissues is likely to cause injuries and sequelae, and even affect their physical development.

  Fourth, square dance

   Whether it’s a street or an alley.,

  The middle-aged and elderly people dancing in the square dance at night can be described as a great landscape.,

  Has become a social phenomenon.

  The role of square dance in fitness and entertainment is self-evident.,

  What should I pay attention to when dancing?

  Square dance will also jump out of illness?

  In terms of time, many square dances now basically take about an hour. Older people should do it step by step and according to their abilities. They should come gradually and stop as soon as they feel uncomfortable. Some movements should not be forced to be in place. Don’t blindly compare movements and dance with each other.

  From the action, don’t blindly pursue the unity of the whole action, but pursue the difference of everyone. For example, people with low back pain and osteoarthritis should try to avoid twisting, bending and excessive squatting, otherwise it will increase the damage to the waist and joints. If you have a good foundation for long-term exercise, you can do what you can according to your own situation.

  What diseases can’t people jump? People suffering from coronary heart disease, osteoarthritis, cervical disc herniation, and lumbar disc herniation, it is best to consult relevant specialists to understand the exercise methods suitable for them.

  so,

  Speaking of which, are you confused?,

  Don’t worry.,

  Pay attention to the following principles for the elderly.

  First of all, we should pay attention to the principle of interest. The old man’s interests, hobbies and habits determine his actions and activities. Therefore, when making exercise prescriptions, the principle of interest should be put in the first place.

  The second principle of individuality, is the body suitable for exercise? When and what kind of sports will cause further damage, and what diseases are there? This is to be evaluated when choosing a mode of exercise. Our fitness suggestions for the elderly can be summarized by several key words, "long-term, classic, aerobic and outdoor". What is long-term and classic? Quite simply, it is the track events of the Olympic Games, such as walking, running, swimming and cycling.

  Third, step by step, remember to do what you can. Don’t think one thing a day. If yoga is popular today, you can practice it. If hip-hop is popular tomorrow, you can dance hip-hop and run the day after tomorrow.

  For example, you can choose to walk slowly at first, then slowly start jogging, and if possible, you can ride a bike and swim. Exercise through this relatively mild and classic exercise. At the same time, in the process of exercise, for example, you can find a special medical institution for scientific evaluation. If some actions are uncomfortable once done, stop immediately and don’t do them.

  We encourage middle-aged and elderly people to exercise outdoors properly. During the exercise, they should do it step by step and according to their abilities. If they encounter any discomfort, it is best to consult the relevant doctors and not blindly follow the crowd. (Reporter Yuan Wei Ma Yunfei Chen Jie Xing Zi)

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Spatio-temporal information service in the era of artificial intelligence: you know where you are and what you are doing.

  [Science to the Future]

  editorial comment/note

  In daily life, people always like to ask three questions: when, where are you and what are you doing. More than 90% activity information of human society is related to time and space. Now, spatio-temporal information service has penetrated into all fields of human production and life, and it is as indispensable as water and electricity. It was learned from the 2017 China Geographic Information Industry Conference that with the development of Beidou satellite system in China, China has mastered autonomous, independent and controllable satellite navigation technology, greatly improved its spatio-temporal information service capability, and obtained technical support for new formats such as bike-sharing and driverless. Then, in the era of artificial intelligence, what subversive innovations and surprises will happen in the field of spatio-temporal information services? This edition of Science invited Liu Jingnan, an academician of China Academy of Engineering, Li Deren, an academician of China Academy of Engineering, and Guo Renzhong, an academician of China Academy of Engineering, to explain in detail.

  Liu Jingnan (Academician of China Academy of Engineering):

  From Spatio-temporal Information to Big Data Service

  The great challenges and opportunities brought by artificial intelligence to various industries are unprecedented, which will cause industrial changes in the next at least 50 years. The innovation and development of geographic information industry must change the way of thinking, establish the thinking of Internet of Things, big data and time and space, serve the society through cross-border integration, strive for the initiative in the intelligent era, and realize the overall transformation of green and intelligence.

  As a producer of massive spatio-temporal data, the geographic information industry may be completed by machines in the intelligent era from data collection to data application in all walks of life. For example, with the increasing intelligence, real-time performance and reliability of the precision of intelligent sensor equipment and measuring equipment, the work that needs to be done by people before, even risking their lives, will be done by intelligent equipment and robots. This means that some data collectors in the geographic information industry will probably be replaced by robots.

  So, does this mean that the geographic information industry is going to decline? The answer is: no!

  With the progress of science, human demand for space-time services is moving towards real-time and instant, from static to dynamic and high-speed, from rough to accurate and complete, from land to sea and sky, from region to global, from earth to deep space and universe. The existence demand of geographic information determines that it will not disappear in the era of intelligence, but it must complete the transformation from informationization to intelligence.

  Human beings are increasingly demanding the quality of location services, and the geographic information industry must improve the service quality, including monitoring the environment, human health, personal safety, spatio-temporal dynamics and other aspects more accurately, so as to meet the ever-changing personalized, intelligent, real-time and accurate service requirements in the "internet plus" and intelligent era.

  In this sense, the geographic information industry will not gradually decline under the impact of the wave of intelligent revolution. The advantages of China geographic information industry in the whole wave of intelligent revolution are: first, the world’s largest demand market for location services and huge space-time location information, which can provide rich data resources for intelligence; Second, the geographic information industry has the right to interpret the spatio-temporal position datum, and the right to formulate the standards of accuracy, characteristics and complexity of spatio-temporal position data.

  How to help the industry transform? How to meet the different service demands in the era of "internet plus"? How to maximize the potential value of big data through artificial intelligence? In the era of intelligence, the geographic information industry should make use of its own advantages, seize the increasingly high demand for time and space location services in the information age, and realize cross-border integration. For example, a "geographic information brain" can be established by using spatio-temporal data clouds. This "brain" needs to have the abilities of perception, memory and thinking, learning, self-adaptation, and behavior decision-making, and complete the prediction ability through intelligence.

  How to fully explore and understand the massive big data and unify the spatio-temporal big data with different categories, different precisions and different dimensions into the standard system of data service is a big challenge in the intelligent era. In addition, talents who can transform artificial intelligence knowledge into commercial application value are also in short supply and need to be cultivated urgently. The change of thinking and the influence of independent decision-making brought by the intelligent era are the biggest challenges to the industry and individuals.

  Li Deren (Academician of China Academy of Sciences, Academician of China Academy of Engineering):

  Ideas of Earth Observation Brain, Smart City Brain and Smart Phone Brain

  Now, China has a lot of spatial data. There are satellites in the sky, drones in the air, intelligent driving cars on the ground, video cameras and various sensors, plus people’s mobile phones and smart watches, which generate hundreds of millions of data all the time. Through technological innovation, China’s satellite navigation technology is becoming popular and intelligent, and spatio-temporal information big data and spatio-temporal information cloud platform are being built everywhere.

  This is the current state of spatial big data, but at present, China’s remote sensing, navigation and communication systems are isolated, information is separated, and space-time services are relatively backward, so we need to improve. Now it is necessary to integrate isolated systems through "multi-network". If spatial big data is to serve well, it must be activated by artificial intelligence.

  Artificial intelligence involves brain science. The origin of artificial intelligence is a kind of progress in brain science, and the whole world is competing to study it. The United States and Europe have started brain science programs. In recent years, China also attaches great importance to the development and construction of brain cognitive science, and proposes that by 2030, the theory and technology application of artificial intelligence will reach the world’s leading level.

  Perception, cognition and action is a basic function of human brain, and computers do not have this function. However, if people’s perception, cognition and action are integrated, and spatial big data is combined with artificial intelligence, many "smart brains" can be formed. The author conceived three "wisdom brains", such as:

  First, "Earth observation brain": Earth observation brain is analogous to human brain, which has visual and auditory functions and obtains information through visual and auditory functions. Earth observation brain transmits satellite data in the sky to the ground to meet people’s requirements through big data and cloud computing. This brain is an automatic recognition system of brain cognition and perception, which completes the cognition and processing of data through remote sensing communication of satellites in the sky.

  The key problem to be solved in earth observation brain is to provide services on demand. It is necessary to break through major key technologies such as satellite-based navigation enhancement technology, integrated network communication technology between heaven and earth, multi-source imaging data on-orbit processing technology, space-based information intelligent terminal service technology, space-based resource scheduling and network security, integrated nonlinear earth reference frame construction technology, and load-based satellite platform design and development technology.

  Second, the operation center of a smart city should be made into a "smart city brain". Smart cities have sensor networks and cloud computing. They are the "cloud brains" of smart cities that feel the interaction between people and cars in real time. Using big data to improve the operation and management level of cities and engaging in big data value-added services can provide real-time services for all walks of life. It can be supported by geographic information system, which is based on real-time data to analyze feelings. It is necessary to gain insight into data management and realize smart cities on the cloud. Such management can improve the level of smart cities, and the operation center of smart cities should be made into the brain of smart cities.

  Third, there must be a large number of sensors to make the mobile phone a "smart phone brain" to help the owner. In the evolution of smart phones, human behavior can be inferred from the data in the phone, which can understand the owner’s behavior and psychology and remind people what to do and what not to do. Using big data system for reasoning, the mobile phone knows whether the owner is walking or surfing the Internet at home. Through data analysis and reasoning, a conclusion is drawn in the mobile phone. For example, if the owner falls in the snow for 5 minutes, he can automatically dial 110 or notify his family to save him. Such a mobile phone is a real smart phone.

  There are many applications of artificial intelligence in geographic information industry. For example, automatic change detection and real-time processing of UAV high score data. The innovation of sensors should develop in the direction of artificial intelligence and brain intelligence, similar to earth observation brain, smart city brain and smart phone brain. Only by grasping these frontiers can geographic information industry become a big industry needed by all mankind. Spatio-temporal geographic information used to be static, but now it must move towards a new stage of intelligence.

  Guo Renzhong (Academician of China Academy of Engineering):

  Big data will make urban management smarter.

  The arrival of the era of big data and artificial intelligence makes people look forward to the geographic information industry.

  At present, there are not only data uploaded by mobile Internet, but also data of space remote sensing. When the amount of data is large, it will be found that the value of data is not positively related to the amount of data, which makes people think, how can data generate value? Spatio-temporal information, if using big data and developing towards artificial intelligence, will have great application space. Many emerging industries need spatio-temporal information to support them, such as bike-sharing. China’s geographic information industry is still in the "farming era". If the data link is further extended, the added value of data may increase a lot. For example, many places are now building smart cities, which need a lot of geographic information data to support them. From this perspective, the spatio-temporal information service should not only be satisfied with providing very beautiful and accurate traditional data, but also provide data that is more in line with the terminal and meets the needs of users.

  For example, the national geographic information survey has spent a lot of manpower and material resources, which can not only provide image records, but also provide a lot of value-added services. However, this value-added service is different from the professional technology possessed by traditional geographic information practitioners, and the business and products have to cross borders to have greater value, which cannot be satisfied with providing original data and products. In the process of cross-border, big data plays an important role and needs to be combined with artificial intelligence to find a better service path.

  What is the use of spatio-temporal data information in smart cities? For example, make a distribution analysis of the resident population and the employed population in Shenzhen. A person has two most frequent places — — Home address and workplace. From home to work in the morning, and from work to home in the evening, he has to go through the relevant traffic network. In this way, he can know the traffic flow and traffic pressure of different road networks by means of big data, thus doing bus route optimization and road planning optimization for this traffic network. Big data will make urban management smarter.

  Now, a lot of geographic information data still exists in the databases of relevant departments, so it is necessary to turn them into "clouds" to realize socialized sharing and socialized services. When it becomes a "cloud", it should not only be able to dynamically update and fully perceive, but also be able to quickly access the Internet for easy use; At the same time, we should be able to deeply integrate geographic information with other information of the city to form a socialized urban information, and then carry out relevant deep mining and application on this basis to promote urban management to be intelligent.